Category Archives: Natural Stone

There are three general classes of rock/stone: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Within those classes two categories of natural stone emerge: Siliceous stone is composed mainly of silica, or quartz-like particles. It tends to be very durable and easy to clean. Stones in this category are granite, slate and sandstone.
Calcareous stone is mainly made of calcium carbonate. Calcareous stone is sensitive to acids; including cleaning products and foods like citrus fruits, vinegar, wine, and tomatoes. These types of stones include marble, travertine, limestone, and onyx.

Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects

Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects.

The secret to choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project whether it be back-splash, counter-tops or flooring tile is giving preference to function over form.  Architect Louis Sullivan said “form ever follows function” implying that the form or look of a space is secondary to its practical functionality. A designed and decorated space isn’t truly a success unless it is able to be used and enjoyed by the people for whom it was designed.

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Natural Stone | Natural Stone Flooring

Natural Stone–A wonder of Mother Earth.

Natural stoneMarble flooring tile. is a collective name for thousands of different types of stone that are found and quarried from all around the world. The appearance and the characteristics of natural stone are determined by the manner in which the stone was formed: by rivers, by volcanoes, by tectonic folding.

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Cutting Natural Stone Tiles

Cutting Natural Stone Tiles.

There are a number of methods and tools used in the installation of tiles. For softer tile like ceramic tile and some types of glass the most common methods involve scoring and snapping or using a pair of nippers with a carbide tipped pencil.

Cutting natural stone tiles around a pool.
Cutting natural stone tiles around a pool.

However, these methods are inadequate when cutting  natural stone tiles.   Unlike ceramic tile, soft glass, and ever some softer porcelains, using a tile cutter or tile snips are not going to do a lot when it comes to cutting natural stone. Most natural stone tile are too hard and dense to be snapped, without extreme pressure. The few stone tile that might snap without that amount of pressure may not fracture cleanly.  For example, slate tiles will fracture along many different layers, resulting in a jagged cut. Similarly, standard nippers do not have the jaw strength necessary to cut through natural stones like granite. And, they crush more brittle or fragile stone.

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Slate Bathroom Flooring

Choose Slate for Your St. Lucie Bathroom Flooring.

Slate, a natural stone tile, just might be the ideal surface of choice in the bathroom.  When choosing bathroom flooring your main consideration should be functionality, durability,  and cost.  Slate bathroom flooring scores well when all competing products are considered.

Slate bathroom flooring tile by Bella Slate.
Bella Slate – High quality natural stone.

In regard to functionality, the main consideration for bathroom flooring is  moisture.   There are no moisture problems with slate bathroom flooring.  Unlike granite and marble, slate is non-porous. It cleans up very easily and does not have a tendency to harbor bacteria. It won’t absorb liquids, so it won’t stain from  cleaners since they can’t penetrate its surface. Slate is highly heat resistant and resistant to etching and scratching. Scratches are easily rubbed out.

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Granite – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Granite.

Choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project; whether it be back-splash, counter-tops, walls or flooring tile, depends upon knowing the attributes of the stone with which you will be working.  So, let consider the natural stone called granite.

Natural Stone Selection - Granite Countertops in Kitchen.
Granite Counter-tops in Kitchen.

Granite is naturally made and formed within the crust of the Earth.  It is an igneous rock formed from magma with at least 20% quartz by volume and at least 35% of the feldspar in granite is alkali feldspar. It is the alkali feldspar that gives granite a distinctive pink color. A siliceous stone,  it tends to be very durable and easy to clean. Stones in this category are granite, slate and sandstone.

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Limestone – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Limestone.

Choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project; whether it be back-splash, counter-tops, walls or flooring tile, depends upon knowing the attributes of the stone with which you will be working.

Yellow limestone paving slaves.So, let consider the natural stone called “Limestone.”   Recrystallized limestone, compact micro-crystalline limestone, and travertine that are capable of taking a polish are promoted, marketed and sold as either limestone or marble.

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Marble – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Marble.

Choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project; whether it be back-splash, counter-tops, walls or flooring tile, depends upon knowing the attributes of the stone with which you will be working.

Bathroom remodeling with rectified marble tile flooring.
Natural Stone Selection – Tiling with Marble.

So, let consider the natural stone called “Marble.”

Commercially, any stone capable of taking a polish, with the exception of granite, is known as marble. These calcareous stones are made of mainly calcium carbonate.  This stone group includes marble, travertine, limestone and onyx.

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Sandstone – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Sandstone.

Choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project; whether it be back-splash, counter-tops, walls or flooring tile, depends upon knowing the attributes of the stone with which you will be working. So, let consider the natural stone called Sandstone.

A look at Sandstone.Sandstone is an igneous rock. It is a classic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized minerals or rock grains. Most sandstone is composed of quartz and/or feldspar.  The stone is compact, hard and fine grained with a homogenous mixture.

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Serpentine – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Serpentine.

Choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project; whether it be back-splash, counter-tops, walls or flooring tile, depends upon knowing the attributes of the stone with which you will be working.  Dark green serpentine tile.So, let consider the natural stone called “Serpentine “.

Commercially, any stone capable of taking a polish, with the exception of granite, is known as marble.  Well, not exactly.  A beautiful green, and sometimes black, natural stone called serpentine is sometimes mistaken for marble.  It too can take a high polish.

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Slate – Natural Stone Tile

Natural Stone Selection – Slate.

Slate is the finest grained foliated metamorphic rock. Slate is derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.

Bella Slate Tile- High quality natural stone product purchased from local tile store
Bella Slate – High Quality Natural Stone Tile.

The shale and clay are subjected to a metamorphic process involving heat and pressure during which cleavage planes are formed. Foliation may not correspond to the original sedimentary layering. Called “slaty cleavage”, the very strong foliation is caused by strong compression causing fine grained clay flakes to regrow in planes perpendicular to the compression.

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