Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects

Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects.

The secret to choosing the right natural stone for your surfacing project whether it be back-splash, counter-tops or flooring tile is giving preference to function over form.  Architect Louis Sullivan said “form ever follows function” implying that the form or look of a space is secondary to its practical functionality. A designed and decorated space isn’t truly a success unless it is able to be used and enjoyed by the people for whom it was designed.

Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects - Stone Countertops in Kitchen
Natural Stone Selection for Surfacing Projects.

With natural stone both form and function can be served well, but one must choose the stone wisely. You will then have a design that is not only incredibly attractive, but also eminently functional.

There are three general classes of stone: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. However, there are no boundaries between allied rocks.  Hence, established rock nomenclature merely corresponds to arbitrary selected points in a continuously graduated series. That said, based on its composition, natural stone has two general categories:

Siliceous stone is composed mainly of silica, or quartz-like particles. It tends to be very durable and easy to clean. Stones in this category are granite, slate and sandstone.

Calcareous stone is mainly made of calcium carbonate. Calcareous stone is sensitive to acids; including cleaning products and foods like citrus fruits, vinegar, wine, and tomatoes. It requires different cleaning procedures than siliceous stone. These types of stones include marble, travertine, limestone, and onyx.

From the viewpoint that function trumps form, the decision to use a siliceous stone in a kitchen environment seem obvious.

When compared to a siliceous stone like granite, marble is a softer stone that is less stain & scratch resistant. Spills on marble surfaces must be removed at once to prevent possible damage to the stone, especially spills containing oil or acid.

Granite is the traditional favorite of counter-top materials for its unique colors and patterns, proven durability and lasting value.  Compared to marble, it is stronger and does not scratch as easily. A great stone for many applications in a kitchen, it is also widely used for dining room table tops, bar tops and flooring.  Granite is highly heat, scratch and stain resistant.  This unique blend of characteristics is what makes this natural stone a one-of-a-kind, beautiful, yet practical surface for your home.

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Natural Stone–A wonder of Mother Earth.

Natural stoneMarble flooring tile. is a collective name for thousands of different types of stone that are found and quarried from all around the world. The appearance and the characteristics of natural stone are determined by the manner in which the stone was formed: by rivers, by volcanoes, by tectonic folding.

The name refers to a variety of earthen born materials including Slate, Marble, Limestone, Travertine, Granite, and Sandstone.  Each of these stones has slightly different properties.

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